In Memoriam 2014 | Faq
Tell us about your war memorial
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a war memorial?
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, a memorial is a “sign of remembrance; preserving or intended to preserve the memory of a person or thing”. There is thought to be approximately 100,000 war memorials in the British Isles ranging from the 7th century to the present day. Memorials range from crosses, to bridges, to buildings, to fabric and fittings within churches to name just a few of the many memorial types. For further information please see War Memorials Trust’s helpsheet ‘Definition of a war memorial’ or view the definition by UK National Inventory of War Memorials.
What is SmartWater?
SmartWater is a crime prevention fluid which will make memorials uniquely identifiable and offer robust traceability should a theft occur. It is a high temperature solution that can withstand burning or melting making it harder for criminals to dispose of stolen memorials. Academic research carried out by Perpetuity Research Group on over 100 criminals demonstrated that professional criminals are deterred by the product. Furthermore, SmartWater has a 100% conviction rate. For more information please visit the SmartWater website.
What type of memorials are eligible to receive the product?
In Memoriam 2014 is specifically designed for at risk metal components; however, if you are concerned about other components such as stone, we can assess these cases and issue a SmartWater stone marking product. Contact In Memoriam 2014 to discuss this.
Where do memorials need to be located to be eligible?
In Memoriam 2014 is open to the whole of the United Kingdom. This includes England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and Crown Territories of Channel Islands and Isle of Man.
Who can apply for In Memoriam 2014 and who can authorise the application of SmartWater to a war memorial?
Everyone is encouraged to apply for In Memoriam 2014 but SmartWater should only be applied by the custodian of a war memorial or with the clear permission of the custodian of a war memorial. It is not appropriate to register for SmartWater as an individual and go round and apply this to multiple war memorials without submitting each memorial as this may create duplication and confuse the project. If you believe a war memorial needs to be protected you should encourage the custodian to apply, if they are not responsive then contact the In Memoriam 2014 team and we will contact the custodian to encourage them to get involved with the project.
Do I need legal permission to apply SmartWater?
You should firstly identify whether a memorial is a scheduled monument, listed or in a conservation area. If it is then the relevant statutory consents may be required. The custodian should be aware of its status, if not you can contact the Conservation Officer at the local planning authority to determine whether permission is required. You may also be able to check this on the websites of the relevant national heritage body:
English Heritage: The National Heritage List of England
Historic Scotland: Listed Buildings
How do I register for SmartWater?
Thanks to the SmartWater Foundation, SmartWater is being made available free of charge to those who look after war memorials. To apply, please fill in the application form. The application will be assessed before the solution is sent out. This process may take up to two months depending on the number of applications and the information provided by the applicant.
What information do I need to apply?
We need to know the location of a war memorial, the custodian (if there is one – see below) and we request a photograph be sent in with the application form (and that copyright details and permission for the photograph be given to enable the project and partners to use this).
What is meant by custodian?
A custodian is an individual or organisation that has taken responsibility of a war memorial. Often this has been done through a transfer of ownership. For more information see War Memorials Trust’s helpsheet ‘Ownership of war memorials’.
How can I identify the custodian of a war memorial?
For comprehensive information on how to identify the custodian of a war memorial, please see War Memorials Trust’s helpsheets ‘Ownership of war memorials’ and ‘Researching the history of a war memorial’.
What happens if the custodian cannot be identified?
Occasionally a war memorial does not have a custodian but often it can be found with research. After all avenues to find an existing custodian have been exhausted, In Memoriam 2014 will discuss the way forward on a case-by-case basis. We will ask the applicant if they are willing to take responsibility for that particular memorial.
Who should apply the product?
The custodian needs to seek permission from In Memoriam 2014 to register for the project but if, for some reason, the custodian is unable to physically apply the SmartWater solution, anybody could do it for them. A professional is not needed. Application guidelines will be sent with the SmartWater solution and should there be any more queries, please contact In Memoriam 2014.
Where on the memorial should I apply SmartWater?
The most vulnerable types of war memorials are those that have metal components. Unfortunately, with the cost of scrap metal rising, plaques, sculpture and other metal components have been stolen in increasing numbers during the last few years. SmartWater is to be applied to an inconspicuous area of the metal (for example, the side of the panel or the underside of a sculpture). In Memoriam 2014 will consider processing other applications for SmartWater if there are vulnerable components. Advice on applying the product can be obtained from In Memoriam 2014 if you are uncertain where it would be most appropriate.
Do I have to apply SmartWater to each metal element and how much should I apply? Should I apply a small amount to a few areas?
SmartWater needs to be applied to each metal component of the war memorial. For instance, if there is a bronze statue as well as bronze plaques, each of these need to have SmartWater applied in case any part of the memorial is targeted. The application guidelines included in the SmartWater pack give information on how to apply and how much should be applied.
What should I do if I cannot reach the metal elements on the memorial or they are at height?
Please read the appropriate guidelines from the government about working at height.
What happens after I apply the SmartWater to the war memorial?
After you receive the solution, apply it to the war memorial as soon as possible. We then ask that you fill in the Statement of Registration and send it back to us so that we can update the database and accurately record when and where the SmartWater was administered. Police are regularly updated with where SmartWater has been applied and also with any incidents so SmartWater will pass on this information.
What about signage?
We appreciate that SmartWater is a deterrent and that signage does deter criminals from attempting to steal vulnerable items. However, placing commercial signage around items such as war memorials could be inappropriate because of their emotional significance and importance in our heritage landscape. SmartWater are therefore not providing the stickers and signage that generally come with SmartWater. Instead, a national print and marketing campaign about In Memoriam 2014 will alert criminals to the fact that we are applying SmartWater on all memorials at risk of being vandalised. We also recommend that custodians try to ensure that information about the application of SmartWater is reported in the local press so any local thieves are alerted to this.
How long does the SmartWater product remain before requiring re-application?
SmartWater is designed to be extremely robust and providing the application guidelines are followed correctly it is virtually impossible to remove. In an external environment, in an area exposed to weathering, we guarantee SmartWater will remain effective for at least 5 years. This can be checked by shining a UV torch at the marked area.
Can the product do any harm to the memorial?
SmartWater is regularly used on heritage buildings including places of worship and has no lasting impact on structure or materials. For more information about the product itself, please contact the project.
I have seen a memorial that has been vandalised already, or I feel is at risk from vandalism, what should I do?
War Memorials Trust can assist with concerns about the condition of a war memorial. You can complete their Condition Survey online or contact them on 020 7233 7356 or email to discuss the case. They have a range of advice and information including a helpsheet ‘War memorial theft: Prevention and solutions’.
What should I do if theft or vandalism occurs after application of SmartWater?
When a memorial is registered with In Memoriam 2014 and the Statement of Registration is returned, the details are recorded on the database at the SmartWater office. This information is shared with the police. If a theft or vandalism does occur after the application of SmartWater, please contact In Memoriam 2014 so that it can be logged and to discuss the next steps. War Memorials Trust should also be advised as they may be able to assist with advice, or a grant, to enable any damage to be repaired appropriately.
Where can I send additional information about war memorials?
The UK National Inventory of War Memorials, based at the Imperial War Museum, is creating a comprehensive archive of all war memorials in the United Kingdom. They have records for over 60,000 of the estimated 100,000 war memorials in the UK but many remain to be recorded. If information about your war memorial does not appear on their website or there are no images for it then please contact them via email or telephone 020 7207 9863/9851. If the memorial is recorded but you have new or extra information then you can either send it using the web form link which appears next to the memorial record or via email.
With the anniversary of the start of the World War I approaching, War Memorials Trust and the SmartWater Foundation felt 2014 would provide an ideal date to aim to protect UK war memorials by. It is also hoped that In Memoriam 2014 will raise awareness of the significance of war memorials and encourage communities to assess the condition of their memorials which will undoubtedly form the focal point of the 2014 commemorations. It is important that custodians and communities start to consider the condition of their war memorials now in order to give them enough time to rectify any issues by November 2014.If you are interested in specific dates, please see the Imperial War Museum's First World War Centenary project.
How can I contact the In Memoriam 2014 project?
Please email the project, phone 0207 340 0338 or send post to: In Memoriam 2014 c/o - War Memorials Trust, 42a Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0RE.
What press coverage has the project received?
War Memorials Trust has been collating the press coverage that In Memoriam 2014 has received. Please see here for press coverage and here for television and radio.
What do I do if I suspect a copyright infringement?
If you feel there may be a breach of copyright or that someone has uploaded to the project an image for which they do not hold the copyright then please advise us and we will investigate. Any reports should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org and have COPYRIGHT in the subject heading. We will need your contact details to enable us to respond to you as well as the reference number and details of the memorial with information on the issue you are raising. Information about Intellectual Property Rights can be found in section 3 of the Terms and Conditions.